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120 • Part I. The Creed: The Faith Professed

freedom is sometimes in tension with belonging to the Church as a com-

munity of believers.

When it comes to the Church, some claim that its institutional needs

take a toll on the values of community and relationships. Institutions

1. How did the Second Vatican Council relate Christ as the light

of humanity to the Church?

“Christ is the light of humanity. . . . By proclaiming his

Gospel to every creature, it may bring to all . . . that light

of Christ which shines out visibly from the Church.” . . . By

choosing this starting point the Council demonstrated

that the article of faith about the Church depends entirely

upon the articles concerning Jesus Christ. (CCC, no. 748,

citing LG, no. 1)

2. What do we learn from the scriptural images of the Church,

such as Body of Christ, sheepfold, cultivated field, and temple?

The images taken from the Old Testament are variations

of a profound theme: the People of God. In the New

Testament, all these images find a new center because

Christ has become the head of his people, which hence-

forth is his Body. Around this center are grouped images

taken “from the life of the shepherd or from cultivation of

the land, from the art of building or from family life and

marriage.” (CCC, no. 753, citing LG, no. 6)

3. How is the Church the Temple of the Holy Spirit?

“What the soul is to the human body, the Holy Spirit is to

the Body of Christ, which is the Church” (St. Augustine,

Sermon 267, 4). . . . The Holy Spirit is “the principle of every

vital and truly saving action in each part of the Body”

(Pope Pius XII,

The Mystical Body


Mystici Corporis

]: DS

3808). (CCC, nos. 797-798)