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A commitment to daily personal prayer, faithful weekly participation in

the Mass, reception of other sacraments (especially the Sacrament of Pen-

ance), and acts of service, charity, and social justice all contribute to one’s

spiritual formation.

Pastoral Leaders Embrace Human Formation

Human formation includes an ability to empathize and to put other people

first. It also includes a willingness to learn active listening skills and to

collaborate with the bishop, pastor, and other pastoral

leaders. Human for-

mation involves emotional maturity, the ability to sustain friendships and


relationships, the management of appropriate expression of

anger and affection, and the ability to invite,

delegate, and mentor others.

Pastoral Leaders Embrace Intellectual Formation

Because we were created with both an intellect and will, it is important to

have strong intellectual

formation. Intellectual formation consists of the

study of the Sacred Scripture, the

Catechism of the Catholic Church

, and

important church documents on the New Evangelization. It also draws

on a wide range of

other disciplines: philosophy, literature and the arts,

psychology, sociology, counseling, medical ethics,

culture and language

studies, business administration, leadership and organizational develop-

ment, etc. The means of intellectual formation include lectures, discus-

sions, research, and theological reflection on field

experience; The use of

technology can expand access to more disciplines of study as well as online

communities and learning tools.

Pastoral Leaders Are Interculturally Competent

In the United States, many of today’s parishes and schools are becoming

multicultural parishes. In

light of this demographic change, there are new

intercultural competencies that are increasingly necessary

for effective pas-

toral ministry. Knowledge, attitudes, and skills in intercultural and interra-

cial relations are

indispensable requirements for engaging in the Church’s

evangelizing mission to preach, teach, and witness

to the Gospel. This

means that leaders of different cultural communities within a single parish

will have an

intentional engagement regarding their common values as

missionary disciples.