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Appendix A. Glossary • 531

permanent communion of love.

Their communion reflects and is

strengthened by the Trinity’s com-

munion of love.



A venial sin is

an offense against God in a less

serious matter. Though venial sin

does not completely destroy the

love we need for eternal happi-

ness, it weakens that love and

impedes our progress in the prac-

tice of virtue and the moral good.

Over time, repeated venial sin

can have serious consequences.



The Holy Eucharist

when received by a dying person as

the spiritual food for one’s passing

from this world to the Father.


Vice is the habitual practice

of repeated sin.


“Virtue is a habitual and

firm disposition to do good. . . . The

human virtues are stable disposi-

tions of the intellect and will that

govern our acts, order our passions,

and guide our conduct in accor-

dance with reason and faith. They

can be grouped around the four

cardinal virtues: prudence, justice,

fortitude, and temperance. . . .

There are three theological virtues:

faith, hope and charity. They inform

all the moral virtues and give them

life (CCC, nos. 1833, 1834, 1841).


The term given to

the call to each person from God;

everyone has been called to holi-

ness and eternal life, especially

in Baptism. Each person can also

be called more specifically to the

priesthood or to religious life, to

married life, and to single life, as

well as to a particular profession

or service.