By Fr. David Songy
Note: This article is part of the USCCB "Clean Heart" series and is a companion resource to the USCCB formal statement Create in Me a Clean Heart: A Pastoral Response to Pornography; a printed pamphlet version of this article and others may be purchased at the USCCB online store.
Priestshave a unique opportunity to minister to those who struggle with pornography
use or addiction, since the confessional is a true sanctuary: a safe, sacred place to
find healing. Priests accompany people from birth to death as spiritual fathers
and have the advantage of experiential wisdom, having heard many stories of
suffering, anguish, and wounds, as well as accounts of healing, forgiveness,
and hope. The following suggestions are meant to help the priest in this
1. Be a witness to the joy
of chastity through an example of faithful celibacy.
Christ's faithful are called to lead a chaste life in keeping with their
particular states of life" (Catechism of the Catholic Church, no. 2348). The greatest help a priest can give to those who
struggle with pornography is to testify to this common bond in a life of
chastity and the hope of being able to love with the tenderness, purity, and
passion of Christ. While a common misperception of priestly celibacy is that it
leaves a man unfulfilled, empty, and incomplete, a priest who fully embraces
celibate chastity offers an entirely different perspective.1 His
vocation is a call to donate himself freely, not to a particular spouse, but to
the Church herself, and to be a spiritual father to many. He has the privilege
of loving and caring for all of the people the Lord sends his way. A priest's
example of living joyful celibacy can inspire others to embrace this
challenging but life-giving virtue.
Our example of chastity as
ordained ministers . . . helps show the world that it is possible to persevere
in virtue with the help of Christ and that it is a gift, not a burden. —Create in Me a Clean
Heart, p. 25
2. Become educated on the widespread availability of pornography and
its effects on men, women, children, marriages, and families.
resources are available regarding the pervasive influence of pornography on all levels of society.2
Priests who are unfamiliar with the Internet and its effects should educate
themselves on the insidious nature of online pornography so they may offer
thoughtful guidance. For example, neurological and psychological studies have
shown that pornography is highly addictive and has a similar effect on the
brain as cocaine does on a person with a drug addiction or as alcohol on a
person with an alcohol addiction.3 Men and women may use pornography
in order to seek comfort for emotional wounds, for "recreation," or (more
common with women) out of a desire for romantic connection. Use of pornography
can cause a deep sense of shame and low self-worth. A person struggling with
pornography use requires the help of someone who is both mature and informed to
help navigate the situation.
3. Make the Sacrament of
Penance and Reconciliation readily available for the faithful.
a priest makes himself available for his people, they will come to confess
their sins. It may be necessary to consider being available at several
different times and days during the week in order to reach the widest number of
parishioners. Most importantly, he must be ready to give sound advice in the
Know what makes pornography
use not only a moral problem but also an addiction.
Pornography use is a moral and spiritual problem, and
may—but not always—be an addiction too. Learn to recognize the signs and
effects of addictive or compulsive pornography use. In general, an addiction is
present when the person is experiencing withdrawal and tolerance. Withdrawal
means a person feels uncomfortable or even physically ill when he is unable to
consume a particular substance (e.g., alcohol) or engage in a behavior (e.g.,
porn use). He or she may become obsessed with acquiring or viewing pornography
and may take increased risks to view it, such as accessing it at work.
Tolerance refers to the need to have more and more of a substance in order to
feel satiated. A person addicted to alcohol needs to drink larger quantities of
alcohol, and a person addicted to pornography needs to seek out more, and more
intense, material. For example, someone may begin looking at homosexual
material even if they do not feel real-life attractions to persons of the same
sex, or a person may begin to pay for websites that offer more hardcore,
extreme content. A man or woman with an addiction to pornography may continue
their behavior despite adverse consequences to themselves or their loved ones,
and they may feel helpless to stop the behavior.
Recognizing the harm caused
by the sin of pornography, let us call the faithful to the Sacrament of
Reconciliation often, making sure that it is clearly and readily available. —Create in Me a Clean
Heart, p. 25
A confessor should encourage a person who is addicted, or
is showing signs of becoming addicted, to seek the help of a professional. Have
available a short list of trusted counselors, recovery programs, twelve-step
meeting sites, and other useful resources. Also, encourage a person who has a
problem with pornography to look at this sin in relation to his overall
spiritual life and key interpersonal, Church, and social relationships.
Assess the specific problem
of the penitent and his willingness to pursue help with this sin.
pertinent questions, yet not too many. A confessor needs to ascertain the readiness and maturity of a penitent to
receive help, and it is important not to come across as overly intrusive. The
goal is to understand and to lead the person appropriately to the next step in
the healing process.
Possible questions include:
″ How long have you had this problem?
″ How often and for how long do you fall into
″ What advice have you received before that has
″ What have you tried that has not worked?
″ Would you like help with this?
Offer practical advice
″ Suggest short-term strategies, e.g., moving a
computer to a public area, utilizing filtering software or leaving one's mobile
device with a parent or spouse at night
″ Help them to identify events or behaviors
that trigger Internet use: drinking, travelling, visits by in-laws, problems
with a boss, etc.
″ Help them to explore underlying issues:
anger, loneliness, grief, anxiety, loss, etc.
″ Help them to consider the quality of
relationships they have and how these are influenced by the use of pornography
″ Suggest that they consider how they view the
people in their lives and whether they tend to objectify others
4. Boldly preach on
chastity and tactfully refer to pornography use in homilies.
key to formation in chastity is to focus primarily on love versus sex. What
leads to serious sins against chastity is less a matter of the attractions of
lust than a difficulty with loving real, concrete people. This is why
pornography is so insidious. A person is able to engage in sexual activity that
does not involve the complications of relating to a real person. Human
relationships require suffering, hence the etymology of the word
"compassion"—"to suffer with." People who choose online words, pictures, and
videos are able to objectify others to the point that such "relationships" are preferable.
Boldly preaching on chastity is not a tirade against the
evils of society projected in a moralistic tone; rather, a homily challenges
people to love and respect others as Christ did. Each Sunday the priest shares
how the Scriptures proclaim the Good News that Christ has made it possible for
people to love each other just as God has loved us. Tactful references may be
made to pornography as examples of how society is leading us to avoid true
expressions of Christian love in marriage. It would be better to point out the
isolating, objectifying, illusory nature of pornography than to focus primarily
on the inherent sexual sin.
5. Learn of the local
support groups, counselors, etc., who can help parishioners struggling with
a current assignment and every new one that follows, prepare, review, and
update a list of resources. Ask the former pastor, current pastoral staff members, or the appropriate diocesan office for resources that are available in
the area. Meet with potential counselors or ask more than one person about a
support group one might refer others to in order to make sure that it would be
a good fit and would give advice consistent with Catholic moral teaching. Have
several referrals available, if possible, as it gives greater freedom to those
6. Seek healing if, as a
priest, you are struggling with pornography use, so you may effectively help
While it is a sad truth that priests
themselves are not immune to struggles with pornography, perhaps a deeper
concern is when a priest who is struggling does not seek appropriate treatment
himself. This is not a challenge that should be faced on one's own. When a
priest does not avail himself of help, he is not able to prosper in his own
spiritual life and may even be contributing to the problems of others. A father
who struggles with pornography likely would feel very conflicted in trying to
discuss this issue with a teenage son or daughter. Likewise, the priest who
struggles with pornography use may find it difficult to effectively guide the
many people who come to him on a regular basis for help in this area.
We must not isolate
ourselves. If any of us or our brother clergy is struggling with pornography,
may we not be afraid to acknowledge this and to seek help immediately. —Create in Me a Clean
Heart, p. 26
The words of St. Paul may be helpful here: "For when I am
weak, then I am strong" (2 Cor 12:10). The problem is not with being weak and
falling into sin; rather, it is in refusing to turn to God after falling. It
might be more comfortable for a priest to insist to himself, "I didn't really
mean it!" than to reflect more honestly:
"Yes, I am weak. Lord have mercy on me, a sinner." True mercy is a powerful
healer. The priest only needs to ask for it and not to be ashamed at his
weakness. As St. Basil tells us, "It is humility which often frees the one who
most frequently and gravely sins."
For more information,
including the full text of Create in Me a Clean Heart,
please visit www.usccb.org/cleanheart.
1 While most priests in the Latin Catholic Church
live out their call to chastity through a promise of celibacy, there are also
married priests in both the Eastern and Latin Catholic Churches. These priests,
too, demonstrate the joy of chastity by being faithful to their marriage vows.
2 See the work of the
National Center on Sexual Exploitation (http://endsexualexploitation.org/); The Social Costs of
Pornography: A Collection of Papers, ed. James R.
Stoner, Jr. and Donna M. Hughes (Witherspoon Institute: 2010); Peter C.
Kleponis, Integrity Restored: Helping
Catholic Families Win the Battle Against Pornography (Steubenville, Ohio: Emmaus Road Publishing, 2014); and J. Brian
Bransfield, Overcoming Pornography
Addiction: A Spiritual Solution (New York:
Paulist Press, 2013).
3 Studies include S. Kuhn
and J. Gallinat, "Brain Structure and Functional Connectivity Associated With
Pornography Consumption: The Brain on Porn," JAMA Psychiatry 71.7 (2014): 827-834 and
D. L. Hilton and C. Watts, "Pornography addiction: a neuroscience perspective,"
Surgical Neurology International 2.19 (2011). See also William M. Struthers, Wired for Intimacy: How Pornography Hijacks the Male Brain (Downers Grove, IL: IVP Books, 2009) and Morgan Bennett, "The New
Narcotic," Public Discourse (October 9, 2013).
About the author
Fr. David Songy, OFM Cap., STD, PsyD, is a psychologist and president of Saint
Luke Institute in Silver Spring, MD.
The Role of Priests in Ministry to Those Who Struggle with
Pornography was developed
as a resource and approved by Bishop Richard J. Malone, Chairman of the Committee
on Laity, Marriage, Family Life and Youth of the United States Conference of
Catholic Bishops (USCCB). It was authorized for publication by the undersigned.
Msgr. J. Brian Bransfield
General Secretary, USCCB
texts in this work are taken from the New American Bible, revised edition
© 2010, 1991, 1986, 1970, Confraternity of Christian
Doctrine, Washington, DC, and are used by permission of the copyright owner.
from the Catechism of
the Catholic Church, second edition,
copyright © 2000, Libreria Editrice Vaticana–United States Conference of
Bishops, Washington, DC. Used with permission. All rights reserved.
Copyright © 2016, United States Conference of Catholic
Bishops, Washington, DC. All rights reserved.
the full USCCB statement on pornography, Create in Me a Clean Heart, and additional resources, visit www.usccb.org/cleanheart.