April 19, 2005
Elected as the 265th Pope. Adopts the name of Benedict XVI, in honor of St. Benedict, the founder of Western monasticism, and of Benedict XV, pope during World War I and a promoter of peace.

April 22, 2005
Meets with all the cardinals present in Rome, including those over age 80 who did not vote in the conclave.

April 23, 2005
Meets with international journalists.

April 24, 2005
Benedict XVI is formally inaugurated as Pope.

April 25, 2005
Meets with leaders of non-Catholic churches and religions including Christians, Buddhists and Muslims.  

Makes his first official visit into the city of Rome, to visit the Basilica of St. Paul Outside the Walls.

April 28, 2005
Receives a delegation of officers from the Latin American Bishops' Council who presents the new Pope with a proposal for the Fifth General Conference of Latin American Bishops.

April 30, 2005
Approves the election of Cardinal Angelo Sodano, Vatican secretary of state, as the new dean of the College of Cardinals.

May 3, 2005
Meets with Italian President Carlo Azeglio Ciampi, the first head of state to have a private audience with Pope Benedict XVI.

May 7, 2005
As Bishop of Rome, Pope Benedict XVI takes possession of the Basilica of St. John Lateran, the diocesan cathedral.

May 12, 2005
First meeting with the diplomatic corps accredited to the Holy See.

May 13, 2005
Names Archbishop William J. Levada of San Francisco prefect of the Vatican Congregation for the Doctrine of the Faith, the post he occupied before being elected pope.

Waives the normal five-year waiting period for the sainthood cause of Pope John Paul II to be introduced.

May 29, 2005
First Italian journey and Mass outside Rome as Pope Benedict XVI. The Mass celebrated in Bari, Italy, marked the conclusion of a week-long Italian Eucharistic Congress.

May 30, 2005
During a meeting of the Italian bishops’ general assembly, Benedict XVI speaks publicly in support of the bishops’ campaign against Italy's June 12-13 referendum on artificial reproduction and human embryonic research.

June 9, 2005
Meets at the Vatican with 25 leaders of the world's major Jewish organizations.

June 16, 2005
Welcomes to the Vatican a delegation of the World Council of Churches.

June 24, 2005
First official state visit to Italy. Benedict XVI visited Italian President Azeglio Ciampi at Rome's presidential residence, the Quirinal Palace.

June 28, 2005
Releases the Compendium of the Catechism of the Catholic Church.

June 29, 2005
On the Feast of Sts. Peter and Paul presides over pallium ceremony in St. Peter's Basilica welcoming 32 new archbishops from around the world including four from the United states: Wilton D. Gregory of Atlanta, José H. Gomez of San Antonio, Joseph A. Fiorenza of Galveston-Houston, Joseph F. Naumann of Kansas City, Kansas.

Receives delegation representing Ecumenical Orthodox Patriarch Bartholomew of Constantinople to resume Catholic-Orthodox dialogue.

July 7, 2005
Through Israel's ambassador to the Holy See, Oded Ben-Hur, Prime Minister Ariel Sharon extends an invitation to him to visit Israel.

August 18-21, 2005
First foreign apostolic journey and homecoming as Pope. Travels to Cologne, Germany for World Youth Day. Meets with German president Horst Koehler.

August 29, 2005
Meets with Bishop Bernard Fellay, superior general of the Society of St. Pius X, a schismatic priestly society founded by Archbishop Marcel Lefevre after he broke with Rome.

September 1, 2005
Appeals to Iraqi Christians and Muslims to condemn jointly the violence in their country after a tragedy a few days earlier left more than 900 Shiite pilgrims dead.

September 12, 2005
Receives King Abdullah II of Jordan and Queen Rania.

September 15, 2005
Meets with Shlomo Moshe Amar and Yona Metzger, Israel’s two chief rabbis, who issue an invitation to him to visit Jerusalem.

September 24, 2005
Meets with German theologian Father Hans Kung in Castel Gandolfo.

October 2-23, 2005
Presides over the Synod of Bishops on the Eucharist at the Vatican. It is the largest synod to date with 256 synod fathers from 118 nations participating.  

October 7, 2005
After seeing laws supporting same-sex marriages pass in Spain and attempts to legalize euthanasia for terminally ill patients in England, Pope Benedict XVI sends a message to the Plenary Assembly of the Council of European Bishops’ Conferences, encouraging them to “continue to preach the Gospel of hope to all” in the midst of a culture characterized by secularism.
October 17, 2005
Sends a letter to the president of the Italian Senate calling for a “positive secularity in the world,” one that would omit hostility between religion and state.  

The Vatican reports that Pope Benedict’s public appearances are drawing record crowds to the Vatican, even bigger than those of John Paul II. More than 1 million people have attended the pope’s weekly general audience or his Sunday blessings since his election in April. The number rises to close to 3 million by the end of December.

October 23, 2005
Canonizes the first saints of his pontificate, from Italy, Poland and Chile, marking also the closing of the Synod of Bishops on the Eucharist and World Mission Sunday.

October 24, 2005
Meets with a delegation from the United States Conference of Catholic Bishops, led by Bishop Skylstad of Spokane, president, Cardinal Francis E. George of Chicago, vice-president, and Msgr. William P. Fay, secretary general.

November 10, 2005
Meets privately with Iraqi President Jalal Talabani, urges him to support the country’s minority Christian population. It marks the first time an Iraqi president visits Italy and the Vatican.

Sends a letter to the Vox Clara Committee expressing his hopes that a new translation for the English version of the Mass prayers would soon be completed.

November 12, 2005
Receives credentials of new U.S. ambassador to the Vatican, Francis Rooney.

November 19, 2005
Turns authority over the two Franciscan basilicas in Assisi to the local bishop and issues new norms.

November 20, 2005
Receives Italian Prime Minister Silvio Berlusconi.

December 3, 2005
Meets with Palestinian Prime Minister Mahmoud Abbas.

December 8, 2005
Authorizes special plenary indulgences to mark the 40th Anniversary of the Second Vatican Council.

December 15, 2005
Meets with committee of the international Catholic-Orthodox dialogue.

December 18, 2005
Appoints Archbishop Pietro Sambi as apostolic nuncio to the United States.

December 25, 2005
Issues Deus Caritas Est (God is Love), the first encyclical letter of his pontificate.