PDF version United for Religious Freedom
A Statement of the Administrative Committee of the United States Conference of Catholic
March 14, 2012
Committee of the United States Conference of Catholic Bishops, gathered for its
March 2012 meeting, is strongly unified and intensely focused in its opposition
to the various threats to religious freedom in our day. In our role as Bishops,
we approach this question prayerfully and as pastors—concerned not only with
the protection of the Church's own institutions, but with the care of the souls
of the individual faithful, and with the common good.
To address the
broader range of religious liberty issues, we look forward to the upcoming
publication of "A Statement on Religious Liberty," a document of the Ad Hoc
Committee for Religious Liberty. This document reflects on the history of
religious liberty in our great Nation; surveys the current range of threats to
this foundational principle; and states clearly the resolve of the Bishops to
act strongly, in concert with our fellow citizens, in its defense.
religious freedom issue demands our immediate attention: the now-finalized rule
of the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services that would force virtually
all private health plans nationwide to provide coverage of sterilization and
contraception—including abortifacient drugs—subject to an exemption for
"religious employers" that is arbitrarily narrow, and to an unspecified and
dubious future "accommodation" for other religious organizations that are
denied the exemption.
We begin, first,
with thanks to all who have stood firmly with us in our vigorous opposition to
this unjust and illegal mandate: to our brother bishops; to our clergy and
religious; to our Catholic faithful; to the wonderful array of Catholic groups
and institutions that enliven our civil society; to our ecumenical and
interfaith allies; to women and men of all religions (or none at all); to legal
scholars; and to civic leaders. It is your enthusiastic unity in defense of
religious freedom that has made such a dramatic and positive impact in this
historic public debate. With your continued help, we will not be divided, and
we will continue forward as one.
wish to clarify what this debate is—and is not—about. This is not
about access to contraception, which is ubiquitous and inexpensive, even when
it is not provided by the Church's hand and with the Church's funds. This is not
about the religious freedom of Catholics only, but also of those who recognize
that their cherished beliefs may be next on the block. This is not about
the Bishops' somehow "banning contraception," when the U.S. Supreme Court took
that issue off the table two generations ago. Indeed, this is not about
the Church wanting to force anybody to do anything; it is instead about the
federal government forcing the Church—consisting of its faithful and all but a
few of its institutions—to act against Church teachings. This is not a
matter of opposition to universal health care, which has been a concern of the
Bishops' Conference since 1919, virtually at its founding. This is not a
fight we want or asked for, but one forced upon us by government on its own
timing. Finally, this is not a Republican or Democratic, a conservative
or liberal issue; it is an American issue.
So what is it
An unwarranted government definition of
religion. The mandate includes an extremely narrow definition of what
HHS deems a "religious employer" deserving exemption—employers who, among other
things, must hire and serve primarily those of their own faith. We are deeply
concerned about this new definition of who we are as people of faith and what
constitutes our ministry. The introduction of this unprecedented defining of
faith communities and their ministries has precipitated this struggle for
religious freedom. Government has no place defining religion and religious
ministry. HHS thus creates and enforces a new distinction—alien both to our
Catholic tradition and to federal law—between our houses of worship and our great
ministries of service to our neighbors, namely, the poor, the homeless, the
sick, the students in our schools and universities, and others in need, of any
faith community or none. Cf. Deus Caritas
Est, Nos. 20-33. We are commanded both to love and to serve the Lord; laws
that protect our freedom to comply with one of these commands but not the other
are nothing to celebrate. Indeed, they must be rejected, for they create a
"second class" of citizenship within our religious community. And if this
definition is allowed to stand, it will spread throughout federal law,
weakening its healthy tradition of generous respect for religious freedom and
diversity. All—not just some—of our religious institutions share equally in the
very same God-given, legally-recognized right not "to be forced to act in a
manner contrary to [their] own beliefs." Dignitatis
Humanae, No. 2.
A mandate to act against our teachings.
The exemption is not merely a government foray into internal Church governance,
where government has no legal competence or authority—disturbing though that
may be. This error in theory has grave consequences in principle and practice.
Those deemed by HHS not to be "religious employers" will be forced by
government to violate their own teachings within their very own institutions.
This is not only an injustice in itself, but it also undermines the effective
proclamation of those teachings to the faithful and to the world. For decades,
the Bishops have led the fight against such government incursions on conscience,
particularly in the area of health care. Far from making us waver in this
longstanding commitment, the unprecedented magnitude of this latest threat has
only strengthened our resolve to maintain that consistent view.
A violation of personal civil rights.
The HHS mandate creates still a third class, those with no conscience
protection at all: individuals who, in their daily lives, strive constantly to
act in accordance with their faith and moral values. They, too, face a
government mandate to aid in providing "services" contrary to those
values—whether in their sponsoring of, and payment for, insurance as employers;
their payment of insurance premiums as employees; or as insurers
themselves—without even the semblance of an exemption. This, too, is unprecedented
in federal law, which has long been generous in protecting the rights of
individuals not to act against their religious beliefs or moral convictions. We
have consistently supported these rights, particularly in the area of
protecting the dignity of all human life, and we continue to do so.
want to indicate our next steps. We will continue our vigorous efforts at
education and public advocacy on the principles of religious liberty and their
application in this case (and others). We will continue to accept any
invitation to dialogue with the Executive Branch to protect the religious
freedom that is rightly ours. We will continue to pursue legislation to restore
the same level of religious freedom we have enjoyed until just recently. And we
will continue to explore our options for relief from the courts, under the U.S.
Constitution and other federal laws that protect religious freedom. All of
these efforts will proceed concurrently, and in a manner that is mutually
Most importantly of all, we call upon the Catholic
faithful, and all people of faith, throughout our country to join us in prayer
and penance for our leaders and for the complete protection of our First
Freedom—religious liberty—which is not only protected in the laws and customs
of our great nation, but rooted in the teachings of our great Tradition. Prayer
is the ultimate source of our strength—for without God, we can do nothing; but
with God, all things are possible.